Medical Engineering Distinguished Seminar: Yoram Rudy- WUSTL
Multi-scale Integration of Cardiac Excitation: From Ion-Channel Molecular Structure to the Human Heart
Regular and irregular rhythms of the heart are emergent properties from complex interactions across multiple scales, from the genetic and molecular, to the whole cell and multicellular tissue, and to the whole heart. In the last decade, much has been learned about the genetic and molecular basis of hereditary cardiac arrhythmias, but much less is known about the actual arrhythmic substrate in patients with these disorders. Many of these arrhythmias arise from abnormal ion-channel function (“channelopathies”), caused by mutations and altered molecular structure. Ion-channel function is determined by the gating movement of its molecular structure. Yet, molecular dynamics and electrophysiology were never combined computationally to link molecular structure to function. In my presentation I will introduce a computational biology approach for simulating the structural dynamics of an ion channel protein during gating and the resulting function in terms of channel current, whole – cell action potential, and electrocardiographic waveforms. I will apply this approach to simulate mutations in Kv7.1, the alpha subunit of IKs – the slow delayed rectifier potassium channel that participates in cardiac action potential repolarization. These mutations cause the clinical Long QT Syndrome that predisposes patients to cardiac arrhythmia and sudden death. At the level of the whole heart, I will use our novel noninvasive imaging modality (Electrocardiographic Imaging, ECGI) to provide insight into the electrophysiologic substrate in patients with hereditary cardiac arrhythmias, specifically the Early Repolarization syndrome and if time permits Long QT and Brugada syndromes. http://rudylab.wustl.edu; http://cbac.wustl.edu
Biography: Professor Rudy came to Washington University in St. Louis in 2004 from Case Western Reserve University, where he had been a member of the faculty and director of the Cardiac Bioelectricity Research and Training Center since 1980.
He has also served as a visiting professor in various universities worldwide, including Oxford, University College London, Columbia, Cornell, Johns Hopkins, Bern, Nagoya, Maastricht, Stanford, Milan, Parma, Florence, Taiwan (Tainan) and Technion, and delivered many keynote addresses at international scientific meetings.
Professor Rudy published over 300 scientific articles. He graduated 40 doctoral students, who continue to pursue careers in academic research and medicine and in the biomedical industry.
Professor Rudy is Member of the National Academy of Engineering and Fellow of the National Academy of Inventors. He is the recipient of numerous awards, among which are: the NIH Merit Award, the Biomedical Engineering Society Distinguished Lectureship Award, the Astor Visiting Professorship at Oxford, the Heart Rhythm Society Distinguished Scientist Award, Case Western Reserve University Distinguished Alumni Award and the Hein Wellens Distinguished Professor in Cardiology at Maastricht University. He also served as President of the Cardiac Electrophysiology Society from 2006-2008.